Wadi El Rayan is located in the western desert of Egypt, 42m below the sea level. It consists of two lakes connected by Egypt's only waterfall. It was designated as a Protected Area in 1989 after declaration by the prime minister of Egypt. The Area covers 1759 km2 , The protectorate is located at a distance of 150 km from Cairo.
Wadi El Rayan is known for its waterfalls, which considered one of the best attractions in the protected area, and occured due to the northern lake being higher than the southern one.
The area conserves large expanses of desert containing a variety of landscapes. Rare and fascinating wild life is found in the desert of Wadi El- Rayan along with fossils of creatures of past epochs and cultural heritage sites from ancient civilizations.
Wadi El- Rayan has 169 species of various birds, which are the most visible wild life in the protected area. It can be seen in the lakes, desert and farm lands. Watching birds is possible through all the year, but the greatest diversity found in winter when the lakes are teaming with migrant water birds.
Wadi El Rayan is distinguished by its spectacular scenery, the contrast between the blue waters of the lake and the golden desert sand. Take a walk in sand dunes to experience a clear environment where you can relaxed and forget the normal stress of everyday life.
The integrated desert environment coupled with natural springs, sand dunes, large water bodies, a different botanical life, large variety of flora and fauna and an important area for sea fossils altogether make Wadi El Rayan an important area of Egypt. The El Rayan Lake is characterized by a calm natural environment which till now remains free from pollution.